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  • 中考英语语法之介词的固定搭配

    本文标签: 初中英语语法大全 | 初中英语语法辅导 |  发表时间:2013-03-25     发布小编:小L    

      【5068初中网—中考英语语法之介词的固定搭配】下面是对英语中介词的固定搭配知识的内容学习,同学们认真看看下面老师的讲解吧。

      介词的固定搭配

      1. At

      be good at 精通于

      be annoyed at 对……烦恼

      be angry at 对 (事) ……发怒

      (take) aim at 瞄准

      laugh at 因……而发笑

      stare at 盯着看,凝视

      at the best 充其量

      at first 开始

      at large 自由地

      at least 至少,起码

      at length 最后,终于

      at once 立即,马上

      at present 现在

      at rest 休息,静止不动

      at times 间或,有时

      He was angry at his brother's remark.

      他对他兄弟的批评很恼火。

      I don't know him but he has been staring at me for ten minutes.

      我不认识他,但是他盯了我足有十分钟。

      The foreign countries' attempt at a blockade of the port was unsuccessful.

      外国试图对这个港口实施封锁,但没有成功。

      I know I am at fault.

      我知道我错了。

      The escaped prisoner is still at large.

      那逃犯仍逍遥法外。

      He is at present away on his holidays.

      他现在到外地度假去了。

      2. About

      careful about 小心

      particular about 对……讲究

      careless about 粗心

      doubtful about 对……怀疑

      sure about 肯定

      concerned about 担心

      a complaint about 抱怨,叫屈

      bring about 导致,引起

      care about 关心,介意

      leave about 乱放,乱扔

      fuss about 大惊小怪

      anxious about 担心,想念

      例如:

      How did it come about?

      那事是怎样发生的?

      She is crazy about pop music.

      她对流行音乐着了迷。

      English people are always making complaints about their weather.

      英国人老是埋怨天气不好。

      He is enthusiastic about the music of Brahams.

      他热衷于布拉姆斯的乐曲。

      Harry likes eating very much but he isn't very particular about the food he eats.

      哈里很爱吃,但对他所吃的食物倒并不讲究。

      3. Against

      fight against 反对

      immune against 免除……

      vote against 投票反对

      protect … against 保护……免受

      stand against 反对,经受住

      an accusation against 控制,谴责

      a prejudice against 偏见,万岁

      guard against 防护

      protest against 反对,抗议

      rise against 起来反抗

      run against 对……不利,违反

      strive against 和……斗争

      a defence against 防护,保卫

      a protest against 抗议,反对

      例如:

      I protest against their criticism.

      我对他们的批评提出抗议。

      He made a false accusation against his boss.

      他诬告上司。

      Those clothes don't give you much protection against the cold.

      那些衣服不能使你御寒。

      He should guard against passing on disease to his family.

      他应当注意别把病传给自己家里的人。

      By

      abide by 遵守

      pull … by 拉住

      by mistake 弄错,失误

      by virtue of 靠,由于

      by means of 使用

      by aid of 借助于

      by way of 经由

      by force 以武力,强迫地

      by marriage 联姻而产生的

      例如:

      He is by nature a kind, generous fellow.

      他是个天性和蔼慷慨的人。

      They sent the letter to me by mistake.

      他们误把那封信送给了我。

      The old Roman armies had several generals who took command by turns.

      古罗马的军队由几位大将轮流指挥。

      By virtue of his victory, he felt he could do what he pleased.

      由于胜利,他感到可以想干什么就干什么了。

      I probably know him by sight but not by name.

      我大概见面认识他,不过叫不上名字。

      5. For

      competent for 胜任

      for good 永远

      for the sake of 为……缘故

      for the better 好转

      for the purpose of 为……目的

      for a change 改变一下

      for the time being 暂时

      for fear of 免得

      an affection for 爱,爱情

      application for 申请

      (make) preparation for 为……作准备

      blame for 责怪,责备

      cause for 理由

      readiness for 为……准备就绪

      an occasion for 时机,机会

      contempt for 轻蔑,藐视

      a demand for 需要,需求

      evidence for 证据,根据

      a fondness for 喜欢

      a reason for 理由,原因

      a respect for 尊敬,尊重

      a search for 搜寻,找寻

      例如:

      I should like to repeat my opening remarks for the benefit of those who just came in.

      我愿重复一下我的开场白,以便让刚入场的人也能听到。

      She got up early to be ready for the post. 为了静心等候邮件,她一早就起床了。

      New York is famous for its skyscrapers. 纽约以其摩天大楼而著称。

      His excuse for being late was that his train was delayed. 他晚到的理由是火车晚点了。

      This new school will have no playground for the time being. 这所新学校将暂时没有操场。

      If one does not have respect for oneself, one can't expect others to respect him. 如果一个人不能自重,那么就别指望别人尊敬他。

      Nobody knows the age of the earth for certain. 没有人确切知道地球的年龄。

      6. From

      differ from 与……不同,相异

      dismiss … from 解雇,使……离职

      infer … from 从……推论出

      prevent … from 阻止,防碍

      protect … from 保护……以免

      resign from 辞职

      suffer from 受……之苦

      tell … from 把……与……区分开来

      from a distance 从远处,远远地

      from the heart 诚心诚意地

      from the first 从一开始

      例如:

      You may even have entered the shop just to find shelter from a sudden shower.

      你甚至可以到店里去避避雨。

      From the first I disliked him.

      从一开始我就不喜欢他。

      The number of people suffering from heart disease has increased.

      患心脏病的人数已经上升了许多。

      Allen and I are in the same history class, but his assignment is different from mine.

      爱伦和我在同一个历史班,但他的作业跟我的不同。

      assist in 帮助做某事

      consist in 在于

      engage in 从事,参与

      give in 让步,妥协

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