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  • 中考英语语法考点出现频率较高知识点二

    本文标签: 英语语法大全 | 初中英语语法辅导 |  发表时间:2013-04-15     发布小编:刺青    

       5068初中网下面给大家带来的是一分初中英语重点知识点归纳,其中包括常用的几个和不定式有关的句型 现在分词和过去分词做定语的区别,希望对大家有帮助。感兴趣的同学还可以看下:中考英语语法考点出现频率较高知识点一

      6.常用的几个和不定式有关的句型:

      Why not do sth? 为什么不做某事?

      It takes/took sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花了某人多长时间。

      It is/was +形容词+(for sb。) +to do sth. 做某事(对某人来说)怎么样。

      7. 介词后面一般接动名词。同学们要特别注意介词to和不定式符号to的区别,例如下面的词组一定要记清:

      prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢做……不喜欢做……

      look forward to doing sth. 期待/盼望做某事

      make a contribution to doing sth. 为……做出贡献

      8. 现在分词和过去分词做定语的区别

      A. 现在分词含有正在进行的意思,而过去分词含有被动或者已经完成的意思,如:

      a developing country 发展中国家 a developed country 发达国家

      boiling water 正在沸腾的水(一般情况下水温为100℃) boiled water 开水(已经烧开的水,水温可以依然很高,也可以是凉白开)

      a boy named Jim 一个叫Jim的男孩

      B. 有些动词的现在分词和过去分词都具有形容词特征,但是它们的意思有区别。它们的-ing形式往往用来说明事物的特征;他们的-ed形式表示被动的意思,用来说明人的情况。

      I am interested in this interesting story. 我对这个有趣的故事感兴趣。

      I am moved at the moving sight. 我被这动人的情景感动了。

      They were amazed at the amazing facts. 他们对那些令人惊异的事实感到惊奇。

      下面是一些常见的固定表达,请同学们牢记:

      和to do 连用的固定搭配

      ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事

      be pleased /be glad to do sth。很高兴做某事

      can't wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事

      can't afford to do sth. 不能担负起干某事

      decide to do sth. 决定做某事

      do/try one's best to do sth。尽全力做某事

      do nothing to do sth. 对……无能为力

      deserve to do sth. 值得干某事

      形容词/副词+enough to do sth. 足以做某事

      encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

      find + it + 形容词 +to do sth. 发现做某事……

      get ready to do sth. 准备做某事

      go on to do sth. 继续做某事

      hope to do sth. 希望做某事

      improve sth. to do sth. 改善/提高某物来干某事

      invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人干某事

      It's better to do sth. 干某事比较好

      It's time to do sth. 到该做某事的时间了。

      like to do sth. 喜欢做某事……

      like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事

      love to do sth. 爱做某事

      learn to do sth. 学会做某事

      make one's mind to do sth. 下决心做某事

      make a list of five ways to do sth. 列出干某事的五种方式的清单

      need to do sth. 需要做某事

      plan to do sth. 计划干某事

      prefer to do sth.+ rather than do sth. 喜欢……不喜欢……

      refuse to do sth. 拒绝干某事

      remember to do 记得要去做某事

      The best time to do sth. is… 干某事的最佳时间是……

      stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事

      start/begin to do sth. 开始做某事

      seem to do sth. 似乎要做某事

      set one's mind to do sth. 一心要做某事

      tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

      too…to do sth. 太……以致于不能……

      try to do sth. 努力/试着去做……

      think it nessary for sb. to do sth. 认为某人有必要干某事

      There's no time to do sth. 没时间做某事

      teach sb. (how) to do sth. 教某人干某事

      used to do sth. 过去常常干某事 wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

      would love to do sth. 很愿意做某事

      would like (sb。) to do sth. 想让某人做某事

      want to do sth. 想做某事

      和doing 连用的固定搭配

      watch sb. doing sth. 观看某人正在做……

      stop doing sth. 停止做某事

      remember doing sth. 记得已做过某事

      try doing sth. 努力/试着去做……

      like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

      forget doing sth. 忘记已做过某事

      go on doing sth. 继续做某事

      be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

      be worth doing sth. 某事值得一做

      carry on doing sth. 继续做某事

      couldn't help doing sth. 忍不住做某事

      enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人正在做某事

      finish doing sth. 完成某事

      feel like doing sth. 想做某事

      go hiking 远足

      give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

      have fun doing sth. 感到做某事很有乐趣

      have problems doing sth. 做某事遇到了很多问题

      hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事

      hate doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

      It is +形容词 +doing sth. 做某事……

      keep on doing sth. /keep doing sth. 持续做某事

      mind doing sth. 介意做某事

      make it possible by doing sth. 使做某事成为可能

      prevent sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人干某事

      practise doing sth. 练习做某事

      prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 宁愿做… …也不做… …

      喜欢做……不喜欢做……

      stop sb.from doing sth. 阻止某人干某事

      see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在干某事

      There be sb./sth. doing sth. 某地有某人或某物正在做某事

      Thank sb. for doing sth. 谢谢某人做了某事

      take an active part in doing sth. 积极参加做某事

      use sth. for doing sth. 用某物做某事 (be used to do sth。)

      What about doing sth.? 做某事怎么样?

      without doing sth. 没有干某事

      work all night doing sth. 工作整晚做某事

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