Believing that to govern a country well you would have to depend on some people, Wei Wenhou asked Gu Juanzi, "Can I depend on my father, son, brother, and liegemen, who all havevirtues and talents?"
Gu Juanzi gave him a negative answer and explained one by one, "Yao was noted for being a good father. But his son was exiled.
Shun was noted for being a filial son, but his father Gu Shou could not tell evil from kind, and his younger brother was arrogant. Zhou Gong was asage, but his elder brother was ordered to be executed by him.
Shang Tang and Zhou Wuwang were able liegemen, but they overthrew their monarchs Xia Jie and Shang Zhou respectively.
Those who depend on others can never achieve his goal and will not pervadelong. If a monarch wants to govern his country well, he has to depend on himself."
A wild hare was running in the field and behind it more than a hundred people were chasing it.
It was not because that the hare could be divided into a hundred portions but the ownership of the hare was not decided1.
When a lot of hares were piled in the market, the passers -- by would not even loot at them. It was not because that people did not want to get them, but those hares already had their owner, and the ownership had been decided. As far as the administration of a country is concerned, the key is to make laws and regulations, establish clear ownership.
Laozi once went to visit the sick sage Shang Rong, and consulted him with somephilosophical problems.
Shang Rong told him that when he passed his hometown he should get off the chariot. Laozi asked, "Is this meant to show that I have not forget about the people in the hometown?"
Shang Rong nodded and added that when he passed an old tall tree he should walk fast in small paces. Laozi said, "Do you mean we should respect seniors?"
Shang Rong nodded again, and opened his mouth and asked, "Is my tongue still there?" "Yes", Laizi repled. "Is my tongue still there?"
"No," Laozi answered, "Do you know what this mean?" Shang Rong said. Laozi answered, "You are telling me that the teeth fell off early because of their hardness while the tongue lasts long because of its softness?""Exactly! You already know all priciples and truths in the world."