初中英语倒装句知识点总结

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  倒装句是初中阶段学习的重点语法之一,学生要好好掌握这个知识点。小编为大家准备了一些相关的资料,一起来看看吧!

  全部倒装

  全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和 一般过去时。常见的结构有:

  1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。

  There goes the bell.

  Then came the chairman.

  Here is your letter.

  2) 表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。

  Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.

  Ahead sat an old woman.

  注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。

  Here he comes.   Away they went.

  部分倒装

  部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并将其置于主语之前。

  1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。

  Never have I seen such a performance.

  Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.

  Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

  当Not until引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

  注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。

  I have never seen such a performance.

  The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep.

  典型例题

  1) Why can't I smoke here?

  At no time___ in the meeting-room

  A. is smoking permitted  B. smoking is permitted

  C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit

  答案A. 这是一个倒装问题。当否定词语置于句首以表示强调时,其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 这些否定词包括no, little, hardly, seldom, never, not only, not until等。本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.

  2) Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is.

  A. man did know  B. man know  C. didn't man know  D. did man know

  答案D.  看到Not until…的句型,我们知道为一倒装句,答案在C,D 中选一个。

  改写为正常语序为,Man did not know what heat is until the early years of the 19th. 现在将not提前,后面就不能再用否定了,否则意思就变了。

  其他部分倒装

  1)  so… that 句型中的so 位于句首时,需倒装。

  So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.

  2) 在某些表示祝愿的句型中:

  May you all be happy.

  3) 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were, had, should等词,可将if 省略,把 were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。

  Were I you, I would try it again.

  典型例题:

  1) Not until the early years of the 19th century___ what heat is

  A. man did know  B. man knew  C. didn't man know  D. did man know

  答案为D. 否定词Not在句首,要求用部分倒装的句子结构。

  2) Not until I began to work ___ how much time I had wasted.

  A. didn't I realize  B. did I realize  C. I didn't realize D. I realize

  答案为B。

  3) Do you know Tom bought a new car?

  I don't know, ___.

  A. nor don't I care  B. nor do I care

  C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also

  解析:答案为B. 句中的nor引出部分倒装结构,表示"也不"。由 so, neither, nor引导的倒装句,表示前一情况的重复出现。其中, so用于肯定句, 而 neither, nor 用在否定句中。

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