初中英语晨读美文带翻译

由宇晴供稿

  初中生在早晨的时候可以阅读一些美文,这对于提高英语阅读能力很有帮助。小编为大家准备了一些英语美文,一起来看看吧!

初中英语晨读美文带翻译

  孤独

  I find it wholesome to be alone the greater part of the time.To be in company,even with the best, is soon wearisome. I love to be alone. I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude. We are for the most part more lonely when we go abroad among men than when we stay in our chambers. A man thinking or working is always alone, let him be where he will. Solitude is not measured by the miles of space that intervene between a man and his fellows. 'The really diligentstudent in one of the crowded hives of Cambridge College is as solitary as a dervish in the desert. The farmer can work alone in the field or the woods all day, hoeing or chopping,and not feel lonesome. beacause he is employed; but when he comes home at night he cannot sit down in a room alone, at the mercy of his thoughts, but must be where he can "see the folks," and recreate, and,as he thinks. remunerate himself for his day's solitude; and hence he wonders how the student can sit alone in the house all night and most of the day without ennui and "the blues"; but he does not realize that the student, though in the house, is still at work in his field, and chopping in his woods, as the farmer ire his. and in turn seeks the same recreation and society that the latter does, though it may be a more condensed form of it.

  大部分时候,我发现独处都是有益于健康的。有人陪伴,即使是最好的同伴,不久也会心生厌烦,兴致将消散。我爱独处。我没有遇见比孤独更好的伴侣了。我们置身国外,立行人群之中,通常比独处室内更加寂寞。一个思考着的或工作着的人总是孤独的,就让他去他想去的地方吧。孤独不是以和同伴之间的距离里程来衡量的。真正勤奋的学生,在剑桥学院一个拥挤的蜂房里,就像沙漠中的苦行僧一样孤单。农夫可以整日在田间或林中独自工作,耕地或者伐木,却并不感到寂寞,因为他有活儿干;可是当他晚上回到家中,却不能在房间坐下独自思考,而必须去“能看到乡亲”的地方消遣娱乐,正如他所想的,去补偿他五天的孤寂;因此他不明白学生如何可以整日整夜地独坐在家里,而不感到倦怠和“优郁”;但他没有意识到,学生虽然身处室内,却依然在自己的田野上耕耘,在自己的森林中采伐.就像农夫在他的田地林间工作一样,之后学生也和农夫一样要去寻求消遣,山要去交朋结友,只是娱乐方式可能更加简明一些。

  Society is commonly too cheap. We meet at very short intervals, not having had time to acquire any new value for each other. We meet at meals three times a day, and give each other a new taste of that old mushy cheese that we are. We have had to agree on a certain set of rules, called etiquetteand politeness, to make this frequent meeting tolerable and that we need not come to open war.We meet at the post office, and at the sociable,and about the fireside every night; we live thick and are in each other's way, and stumble over one another, and I think that we thus lose some respect for one another. Certainly less frequency would suffice for all important and hearty communications. Consider the girls in a factory-never alone, hardly in their dreams. It would be better if there were but one inhabitant to a square mile, as where I live.The value of a man is not in his skin.

  社会交际往往极其廉价。我们相聚的时间十分短暂,没有足够的时间让彼此获得任何有价值的新事物。我们在一日三餐的时候见面,我们就如陈腐的奶略,却让彼此相互品尝出新味道。我们必须一致同意若干条规则,也就是我们所谓的礼节和礼貌,使这种经常的聚会相安无事,我们还要一致同意我们没有争吵的必要。我们在邮局碰面,在社交场合碰面,每天晚上在炉火边碰面;我们生活得很拥挤,相互干扰,彼此牵绊,我想,我们因此失去了对彼此的尊重。当然,所有重要的、真诚的沟通,次数少一些就足够了。想一想工厂里的女工——永远不会独处,甚至在梦中也难得是独自一人。如果一平方英里只有一个居民,就像我这样,那要好多了。一个人的价值不在于他的外在。

  无知的快乐

  It is impossible to take a walk in the country with an average townsman—especially, perhaps, in April or May-without being amazed at the vast continent of his ignorance. It is impossible to take a walk in the country oneself without being amazed at the vast continent of one's own ignorance. Thousands of men and women live and die without knowing the difference between a beech and an elm, between the song of a thrush and the song of a blackbird. Probably in a modern city the man who can distinguish between a thrush's and a blackbird's song is the exception. It is not that we have not seen the birds. It is simply that we have not noticed them. We have been surrounded by birds all our lives, yet so feeble is our observation that many of us could not tell whether or not the chaffinchsings, or the colour of the cuckoo.

  和一个普通的城里人在乡村漫步—特别是,可能在四五月份——你不可能不对他无知的领域之广而感到惊讶。一个人去乡间散步,你不可能不对自己无知的领域之广而感到惊讶。成千上万的男男女女活着然后死去,一辈子也不知道山毛榉和榆树之间有什么区别,不知道画眉和黑鹂的啼鸣有什么不同。现代都市中能辨别画眉和黑鹂叫声的人大概是极其罕见的。并非我们没有见过这两种鸟儿,仅仅是因为我们从不去注意它们。我们一生中都有鸟儿生活在我们周围,然而我们的观察力是如此微弱,以致我们中间许多人弄不清楚苍头燕雀是否全唱歌,说不出布谷鸟是什么颜色。

  This ignorance, however, is not altogether miserable. Out of it we get the constant pleasure of discovery. Every fact of nature comes to us each spring, if only we are sufficiently ignorant, with the dew still on it. If we have lived half a lifetime without having ever even seen a cuckoo, and know it only as a wandering voice, we are all the more delighted at the spectacle of its runaway flight as it hurries from wood to wood conscious of its crimes, and at the way in which it halts hawk-like in the wind, its long tail quivering, before it dares descend on a hill-side of fir-trees where avenging presences may lurk.

  然而,这种无知并不完全是不幸的。从无知中,我们能源源不断地获取发现带来的喜悦。但愿我们真的一无听知,那么每到春天,各种自然现象就会带着清新的露珠呈现在我们眼前。如果我们已生活半生,甚至未曾见过一只布谷鸟,而仅仅把它当成一个四处飘荡的声音,那么.当我们亲眼目睹它因为自知自己的罪恶在林木间匆匆逃离穿梭,看到它如何如鹰般在风中骤然停止鸣叫,摆动着瑟瑟发抖的长尾翼,不敢在小山旁的冷杉上停歇,担心那里危机四伏时,我们一定会更加欣喜。

  It would be absurd to pretend that the naturalist does not also find pleasure in observing the life of the birds, but his is a steady pleasure, almost a sober and plodding occupation, compared to the morning enthusiasm of the man who sees a cuckoo for the first time. And, as to that, the happiness even of the naturalist depends in some measure upon his ignorance, which still leaves him new worlds of this kind to conquer.He may have reached the very Z of knowledge in the books, but he still feels half ignorant until he has confirmed each bright particular with his eyes. Assuredly the men of science have no reason as yet to weep over their lost ignorance. There will always be a fortune of ignorance waiting for them under every fact they turn up.

  如果假设博物学家在观察鸟类的生活时发现不到乐趣,那是荒谬可笑的。和清晨有人第一次看到布谷鸟的兴奋相比,博物学家的快乐是稳固的,他们的工作是严肃和漫长的。为此,甚至是博物学家的幸福在某种程度上也取决他的无知,无知给他留下这类新天地让他去征服。他的书本知识可能已经达到了顶峰,但是,在他亲眼证实每一个光辉的细节之前,他仍然感到自己是半无知的,无疑,科学家们迄今没有理由为他们错过的无知而哭泣。在他们发掘出的每一个事实下面总将会有一笔无知的财富在等待着他们。

  But your and my ignorance is not confined to cuckoos. It dabbles in all created things, from the sun and moon down to the names of the flowers, including nearly everything you and I have taken for granted. One of the greatest joys known to man is to take such a flight into ignorance in search of knowledge. The great pleasure of ignorance is, after all, the pleasure of asking questions. The man who has lost this pleasure or exchanged it for the pleasure of dogma, which is the pleasure of answering, is already beginning to stiffen. Do not forget that Socrates. was famed for wisdom not because he was omniscient but because he realised at the age of seventy that he still knew nothing. Once more I shall see the world as a garden through the eyes of a stranger, my breath taken away with surprise by the painted fields.

  但是,你我的无知绝不仅仅局限于布谷鸟,它涉及所有的创造物,上到太阳和月亮,下到百花的名称,几乎包括所有你我认为是理所当然的事物。人类感受过的最大快乐之一就是迅速逃到无知中去追求知识。无知的巨大乐趣,归根结底,是提问的乐趣。已经失去了这种快乐的人,或已经用这种快乐去换取教条的乐趣(即回答问题的乐趣)的人,已经开始僵化。不要忘记苏格拉底之所以以智慧闻名于世,并不是因为他无所不知而是因为他在70岁的时候认识到他还什么都不知道.而我将再一次用陌生人的眼光来审视这个花园一样的世界,每当我看到那如画的田野,我都将惊叹不已。

  以书为伴

  A man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as by the company he keeps; for there is a companionship of books as well as of men; and one should always live in the best company, whether it be of books or of men.

  了解一个人,通常可以看他读什么书,结交什么人.因为有人以人为伴,有人以书为伴。无论是书友还是朋友,生活中我们都应该和最佳最善者常相伴。

  A good book may be among the best of friends. It is the same today that it always was, and it will never chance. It is the most patient and cheerful of companions. It does not turn its back upon us in times of adversity or distress. It always receives us with the same kindness, amusing and instructing us in youth, and comforting and consoling us in age.

  好书可以是你最好的朋友。它始终不渝,过去如此,现在如此,将来也永不改变。它是最有耐心、最令人愉悦的伴侣。在我们遭受不幸,忧伤悲痛的时候,它不会抛弃我们。它总是一如既往地亲切相待。我们年少时,好书给我们带来欢笑和知识;我们年老时,好书又给我们以亲抚和慰藉。

  Men often discover their affinity to each other by the mutual love they have for a book just as two persons sometimes discover a friend by the admiration which both entertain for a third.There is an old proverb, "Love me, love my dog." But there is more wisdom in this: "Love me, love my book." The book is a truer and higher bond of union. Men can think, feel, and sympathize with each other through their favorite author. They live in him together, and he in them.

  喜欢同一本书的人,常常发现彼此间习性也相近,就像有一时两个人因为敬慕同一个人而成为朋友一样。古时有句谚语:“爱屋及鸟。”其实,“爱我及书”这句活蕴涵更多的哲理。书是更为真诚而高尚的情谊纽带。人们可以通过共同喜爱的作家沟通思想,交流感情,产生共鸣。他们和作家情感相通,作家和他们思想相融。

  "Books," said Hazlitt, "wind into the heart; the poet's verse slides in the current of our blood. We read them when young, we remember them when old. We feel that it has happened to ourselves. They are to be very cheap and good. We breathe but the air of books."

  哈兹利特曾经说过:“书潜移转化人们的内心,诗歌熏陶人们的气质品性。少小所习,老大不忘,恍如身历其事。书籍价廉物美,不啻我们呼吸的空气。”

  A good book is often the best urn of a life enshrining the best that life could think out; for the world of a man's life is, for the most part, but the world of his thoughts. Thus the best books are treasuries of good words, the golden thoughts, which, remembered and cherished, become our constant companions and comforters. "They are never alone," said Sir Philip Sidney, "that are accompanied by noble thoughts." The good and true thought may in times of temptation be as an angel of mercy purifying and guarding the soul. It also enshrines the germs of action, for good words almost always inspire to good works.

  好书常如最精美的宝器,珍藏着人生思想的精华,因为人生命的境界主要在于其思想的境界。因此,最好的书是金玉良言,是崇高思想的宝库,这些良言和思想若铭记于心并多加珍视,就会成为我们忠实的伴侣和永恒的慰藉。菲利普·锡德尼爵士说得好:“有高尚思想做伴的人永不孤独。”当我们面临诱惑的时候,优美纯真的思想会像仁慈的天使一样,纯洁并保卫我们的灵魂。优美纯真的思想也孕育着行动的胚芽,因为金玉良言几乎总会启发善行。

  Books possess an essence of immortality. They are by far the most lasting products of human effort. Temples and statues decay, but books survive. Time is of no account with great thoughts, which are as fresh today as when they first passed through their author's minds, ages ago. What was then said and thought still speaks to us as vividly as ever from the printed page. The only effect of time has been to sift out the bad products; for nothing in literature can long survive but what is really good.

  书籍具有不朽的本质,是人类努力创造的最为持久的成果。寺庙会倒塌,神像会朽烂,而书却经久长存。对于伟大思想来说,时间是无关紧要的。多年前初次闪现于作者脑海的伟大思想今天依然清新如故。他们昨日的言论和思想刊载于纸张之上,如今依然生动如初,向我们娓娓道来。时间唯一的作用是淘汰不好的作品,因为只有真正的佳作才能经世长存。

  Books introduce us into the best society; they bring us into the presence of the greatest minds that have ever lived. We hear what they said and did; we see them as if they were really alive; we sympathize with them, enjoy with them, grieve with them; their experience becomes ours, and we feel as if we were in a measure actors with them in the scenes which they describe.

  书籍介绍我们与最优秀的人为伍,使我们置身于历代伟人巨匠之间,如闻其声,如观其行,如见其人,同他们情感交融,悲喜与共.感同身受。一定程度上,我们觉得自己仿佛在作者所描绘的舞台上和他们一起粉墨登场。

  The great and good do not die, even in this world. Embalmed in books, their spirits walk abroad. The book is a living voice. It is an intellect to which one still listens. Hence we ever remain under the influence of the great men of old. The imperial intellects of the world are as much alive now as they were ages ago.

  即使在人世间,伟大杰出的人物也永生不朽。他们的精神被载人书册,传于四海。书是有生命力的声音,是人类至今仍在聆听的智慧之声。所以,我们永远都受历代伟人的影响。多少世纪以前的盖世英才,如今仍同当年一样,显示着强大的生命力。

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