英语语法副词so的相关考点用法分析

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  编者按:so这个词有很多种用法,不同的用法有不同的意思。下面小编给大家分享了有关英语副词so的语法知识,一起来看看吧!

英语语法副词so的相关考点用法分析

  so,是一个相当活跃的副词。涉及so的考点众多。重要的如下:

  1、与such的辩别

  such是一个代词,只能接名词,也可单独使用。例如:

  a1. He is such an honest man as never lies. 他相当诚实,从不撒谎。(接单数可数名词。注意冠词a的位置。)

  a2. Swimming is such fun! 游泳十分有趣。(接不可数名词。)

  a3. We regard such methods as unacceptible. 我们认为这些做法不可接受。(接复数名词。)

  b. Such is the situation that we have to reconsider our approach. 形势迫使我们重新考虑我们的态度。

  = The situation is such that we have to reconsider our approach.

  so,作为副词,不能单独使用。其用法如下:

  a. It was so cold outside that his car wouldn't start. 外面天气寒冷,汽车发动不起来。(接形容词。)

  b. The speaker spoke so fast that I missed almost all his main point. 讲演 人讲得太快,我差不多没抓住他所有的观点。(接副词。)

  c. He is so honest a person as never lies. (接“形容词+冠词+单数名词"。注意:such+冠词+形容词+单数名词)

  d. The future has in store so many surprises awaiting you. 未来有许多惊喜等着你们。(接“many /few+复数名词”、或“much /little+单数名词”)

  总结如下表:

  读表可以看出,so与such在接单数名词的时候,冠词的位置不同。类似的词还有一组:what与how。

  a. What a lovely day (it is)!

  b. How lovely a day (it is)!

  副词too, that, this, quite用法与so, how相同:

  a. She is quite a beauty.

  b. He is quite the little gentleman.

  c. He bears too bad a reputation.

  d. It's not that big a deal.

  但是副词rather特别:

  a. It was a rather difficult question.

  b. It was rather difficult a question.

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